A Brief History of Western Music – Unit 4, Lesson 3

Georg Frideric Handel was the master of the oratorio, and his works bridge the Baroque and Classical periods. This is the world’s largest performance of the Hallelujah Chorus from his Messiah.*

Franz Joseph Haydn is regarded as the father of the symphony.  This is an excerpt of his Symphony #100, performed by the Berlin Philharmonic.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote masterpieces in every genre from a very young age.  Here are few scenes from his comic opera Cosi fan tutte presented by Zurich Opera.

Ludwig von Beethoven’s compositions expanded on the traditional concepts of classical form.  His 9th Symphony broke the tradition of instrumental music and added singers in the final movement for maximum emotional impact.  Here’s the Vienna Philharmonic and the New York Choral Artists at Carnegie Hall:

Franz Schubert was one of the foremost composers of the art song.  Janet Baker sings “An die Musik,“ accompanied by Murray Perahia: